Novacain was discovered by a German born chemist named Alfred Einhorn. The traditional forms of pain relief for dental procedures was to use cocaine however, this was less than desirable because it often left the patients extremely intoxicated and with an unwelcome addiction. Many oral surgeons were looking for anesthetic alternative. Alfred introduced the use of Novacain in 1905. Although some patients seemed to have allergic reactions and the effects seemed weaker than its counterpart cocaine overall this alternative was embraced and still practiced today in the art of orthodontia.